Australien

HintergrundinformationenHauptstadt: Canberra
Sprache: Englisch
7 759 538,2 km2
21 644 000
2,8 Einwohner pro km2
1,9%
Erwerbsquote (Aug. 2009):
63,5%
25,6%
24,9%
Arbeitslosenquote (Aug. 2009):
6,1%
Religionen (2006, Anteil in %):


12

Historische Entwicklung der Einwanderungspolitik

White-Australia

Migrationsprogramme für Einwanderer







Regionale Migration   
State Specific and Regional Migration Scheme, SSRM4:



Einwanderer aus Neuseeland
5678910

Befristeter Aufenthalt

Temporary Business Entry Visa H-1B11Working Holiday Maker
1213

Irreguläre Migration

Overstayer14

Abwanderung

1516

Eine zunehmend heterogene Gesellschaft

White-Australia


17

Das 1819:

2021

Fazit

big Australia

Endnoten:

  1. Hugo (2006).
  2. ABS (2009).
  3. Haushaltsjahr: 1.Juli bis zum 30. Juni des Folgejahres.
  4. Hugo (2005a).
  5. Bedford et al. (2003).
  6. DIAC (2008a: 44).
  7. Sanderson (2009).
  8. Hugo (2004).
  9. DIAC (2009a: 85).
  10. Bell und Hugo (2000).
  11. Khoo et al. (2007).
  12. Die Labor-Regierung war 2007 nach 11 Jahren konservativer Regierungszeit an die Macht gekommen.
  13. World Bank (2006).
  14. DIAC (2009a).
  15. Hugo et al. (2003).
  16. DIAC (2009a: 12).
  17. Galbally (1978).
  18. Jupp (2002: 87).
  19. Betts (2008:20).
  20. Government of South Australia (2008).


Der Autor:
Graeme Hugo
E-Mail: graeme.hugo@adelaide.edu.au

Literatur

    • Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Overseas Arrivals and Departures Australia, Cat. No. 3401.0, various issues, ABS, Canberra.
    • Bedford , R.D., Ho, E.S. and Hugo, G.J., 2003. Trans-Tasman Migration in Context: Recent Flows of New Zealanders Revisited, People and Place, 11, 4, S. 53-62.
    • Bell, M. and Hugo, G., 2000. Internal Migration in Australia 1991-1996: Overview and the Overseas-Born, AGPS, Canberra.

    • Betts, K., 2008. Dissatisfaction with Immigration Grows, People and Place, 16, 3.
    • Carmichael, G. (ed.), 1993. Trans-Tasman Migration: Trends, Causes and Consequences, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC). Immigration Update, various issues, AGPS, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC), 2007. Annual Report 2006-07, AGPS, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC), 2008a. Immigration Update 2007-2008, AGPS, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC), 2008b. Emigration, 2007-2008, AGPS, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC), 2009a. Population Flows: Immigration Aspects 2007-08 Edition, AGPS, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC), 2009b. People Smuggling, Fact Sheet 73.
    • Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA). Australian Immigration Consolidated Statistics, various issues, AGPS, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA), 2002. Unauthorised Arrivals by Air and Sea, Fact Sheet 74, DIMIA, Canberra.
    • Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA), 2004. Unauthorised Arrivals by Air and Sea, Fact Sheet 74, DIMIA, Canberra.
    • Galbally, F. (chair), 1978. Migrant Services and Programs, AGPS, Canberra.


    • Hugo, G.J., 2004. New Zealanders in Australia in 2001, New Zealand Population Review, 30, 1-2, S. 61-92.
    • Hugo, G.J., 2005a. Migration Policies in Australia and Their Impact on Development in Countries of Origin, S. 199-216 in UNFPA International Migration and the Millennium Development Goals, New York: UNFPA.

    • Hugo, G.J., 2006. Temporary Migration and the Labour Market in Australia, Australian Geographer, 37, 2, S.211-231.

    • Jupp, J., 2002. From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.


    • Price, C.A., 1979. Australian Immigration: A Bibliography and Digest. No 4, Department of Demography, Australian National University, Canberra.
    • Sanderson, L., 2009. International Mobility of New Migrants to Australia, International Migration Review, XLIII, 2, S. 292-331.

    • The Australian, 2009. Boat Arrivals in Numbers, 13 October.
    • World Bank, 2006. At Home and Away: Expanding Job Opportunities for Pacific Islanders Through Labour Mobility, World Bank Report, Washington.

Internetquellen

Migration Research Group
Netzwerk Migration in Europa e.V.